Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2018. Issue 4 (42)

Title: ON LEGAL DEFECTS AND LEGAL DEFECTOLOGY
Authors:

I. P. Kozhokar, Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
ORCID: 0000-0002-5186-5413 ResearcherID: S-4500-2018
Articles of «Scopus» & «Web of Science»:       ---
Requisites: Kozhokar I. P. O pravovykh defektakh I pravovoj defektologii [On Legal Defects and Legal Defectology]. Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2018. Issue 42. Pp. 558–586. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2018-42-558-586
DOI: 10.17072/1995-4190-2018-42-558-586
Annotation:

Introduction: this paper deals with defects in the regulatory part of the legal regulation mechanism as deficiencies in regulatory and legal matter. Commitment to high quality of legal norms and regulatory acts is a prerequisite for the effectiveness of law and the main requirement to lawmaking. Creating legal uncertainty and being a fertile field for the emergence of many negative legal phenomena, regulatory defects should become an independent subject matter of a new scientific area of legal defectology. Purpose: to formulate the concept 'regulatory legal defect' taking into account the complexity of defectiveness as a legal phenomenon and its relationship with many other legal categories; to justify the importance of its independent research within the theory of law. Methods: the research is based on the general scientific dialectic approach to cognition of legal defects, which allows for considering this phenomenon in its formation and development as well as in conjunction with related phenomena; other methods applied in course of research include methods of formal logic and specific scientific methods of studying legal reality (formal dogmatic, hermeneutical approach, legal modeling). Results: understanding of regulatory legal defects is in dialectical unity with the concepts 'quality of law' and 'effectiveness of law'. A regulatory legal flaw can be recognized as a defect when it violates the quality standard of law and adversely affects the performance of a legal regulator. Conclusions: the effectiveness of law is influenced by both non-legal factors (political, managerial, financial, social, psychological, ideological) and some legal deficiencies related to defects (restrictions, obstacles, administrative barriers, legislative imbalance, neutralization of law). Regulatory legal defects, mutually determined and interacting with other legal flaws, have their own content and their own conceptual line, reflecting certain shortcomings of the content, form and structure of legal rules and regulatory legal acts.

Keywords: legal defects; regulatory legal flaw; quality of law; effectiveness of law; legal defectology; legal obstacles; legal restrictions; administrative barriers; legislative imbalance; neutralization of law
  download the full-version article
References: 1. Agamagomedova S. A. Administrativnye bar'¬ery pri prokhozhdenii tamozhennogo kontrolya: ponyatie, vidy i sposoby preodoleniya [Administrative Barriers for Customs Control: Concept, Types and Overcoming Methods]. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava – Journal of Russian Law. 2017. Issue 6. Pp. 79–88. (In Russ.).
2. Amirbekov K. I. Balans polnomochij prokurora i rukovoditelya sledstvennogo organa: konceptual'nyj podkhod [Balance of Powers between a Public Prosecutor and a Head of Investigation Agency: a Conceptual Approach]. Vestnik Akademii General'noj prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii – Bulletin of the Academy of the R.F. Prosecutor General's Office. 2013. Issue 1 (33). Pp. 28–35. (In Russ.).
3. Andreev D. S. Defektnye administrativno-pravovie akty: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk [Defective Administrative and Legal Acts: Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Мoscow, 2011. 218 p. (In Russ.).
4. Andreev D. S. Ponyatie defektnogo administrativno-pravovogo akta [The Notion of a Defective Administrative Act]. Administrativnoe pravo i process – Administrative Law and Pro¬cedure. 2010. Issue 6. Pp. 12–14. (In Russ.).
5. Andreev D. S. Procedurnye defekty administrativno-pravovykh aktov [Procedural Defects of Administrative Acts]. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava – Journal of Russian Law. 2016. Issue 4. Pp. 81–92. (In Russ.).
6. Antopol'skiy A. A. Pravovye problemy obespecheniya balansa interesov pri regulirovanii otnoshenij po povodu informacii konfidencial'nogo kharaktera [Legal Issues of Balance of Interests in Regards to Confidential Information Relations]. Trudy Instituta gosudarstva i prava Rossijskoj akademii nauk – Proceedings of the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2016. Issue 3. Pp. 89–103. (In Russ.).
7. Bakhtadze G. E. Neobkhodimost' nadeleniya storony zaschity pravom naznacheniya sudebnykh ekspertiz [Necessity of Investment Defense Party with Right to Appoint Any Forensic Expertises]. Vestnik Samarskogo universiteta. Istoriya, pedagogika, filologiya – Vestnik of Samara University. History, Pedagogics, Philology. 2014. Issue 11–12 (122). Pp. 87–94. (In Russ.).
8. Belousov V.A. Defekty slozhnykh fakticheskikh sostavov [Defects of Complex Sets of Facts]. Yuridicheskaya nauka i pravookhranitel'naya praktika – Legal Science and Law Enforcement Practice. 2018. Issue 2. Pp. 7–13. (In Russ.).
9. Belousov S.A. Disbalans rossijskogo zakonodatel'stva i informacionnaya izbytochnost' normativno-pravovogo teksta: sootnoshenie i vzaimosvyaz' [Imbalances of Russian Legislation and the Informational Redundancy of a Legal Regulatory Text: the Balance and Interrelationship between Them]. Pravovaya kul'tura – The Legal Culture. 2015. Issue 4. Pp. 48–57. (In Russ.).
10. Belousov S.A. Zakonodatel'nyj disbalans: doktrina, teoriya, praktika: dis. ... d-ra yurid. nauk [Legislative Imbalance: Doctrine, Theory, Practice: Dr. jurid. sci. diss.]. Saratov, 2015. Pp. 62–72. (In Russ.).
11. Belousov S.A. Zakonodatel'nyj disbalans: osnovnye modeli [Legislative Disbalance: Basic Models]. Uchenye zapiski Kazanskogo universiteta. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki –Uchenye Zapiski Kazanskogo Universiteta. Seriya Gumanitarnye Nauki. 2014. Vol. 156. Issue 4. Pp. 11–16. (In Russ.).
12. Belousov S.A. Nauchnaya abstrakciya "zakonodatel'nyj disbalans" v ponyatijnykh ryadakh obshchej teorii prava [Scientific Abstraction "Legislative Imbalance" in the Conceptual Rows of the General Theory of Law]. Sovremen¬noe obshchestvo i pravo – Modern Society and Law. 2015. Issue 4 (21). Pp. 35–40. (In Russ.).
13. Belousov S.A. Sootnoshenie ponyatij "disbalans" i "defekt" v issledovanii sistemy rossijskogo zakonodatel'stva [The Relationship between the Concepts of "Imbalance" and "Defect" in the Study of the System of Russian Legislation]. Vestnik Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj yuridicheskoj akademii – Saratov State Law Academy Bulletin. 2015. Issue 3 (104). (In Russ.).
14. Borcov A.V. Klassifikaciya yuridicheskikh prepyatstvij [Classification of Legal Objections]. Vestnik Vladimirskogo yuridicheskogo instituta – Bulletin of Vladimir Law Institute. 2017. Issue 3 (44). Pp. 157–163. (In Russ.).
15. Borcov A.V., Kandakov A.Yu. «Yuridicheskie prepyatstviya» v ponyatijno-kategorial'nom apparate pravovoj nauki ["Legal Obstacles" in the Framework of Categories and Concepts of Jurisprudence]. Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Seriya Ekonomika i pravo – Bulletin of Udmurt University. Series Economics and Law. 2017. Vol. 27. Issue 4. P. 92. (In Russ.).
16. Bocharnikova N.A. Administrativnaya reforma kak bar'er dlya formirovaniya administrativnykh oshibok [Administrative Reform as a Barrier to the Formation of Administrative Mistakes]. Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Pravo – Proceedings of Voronezh State University. Series: Law. 2010. Issue 2 (9). Pp. 132–147. (In Russ.).
17. Brester A.A. Yuridicheskie prepyatstviya v realizacii prava na reabilitaciyu v rossijskom ugolovnom processe [Legal Obstacles to the Realization of the Right to Rehabilitation in the Russian Criminal Process]. Gosudarstvo i pravo – State and Law. 2015. Issue 9. Pp. 45–52. (In Russ.).
18. Vinogradov T.P. Algoritm razrabotki zakonoproekta: mezhdu iskusstvom i tekhnologiej [Algorithm of the Legislative Drafting: between Art and Technology]. Gosudarstvo i pravo – State and Law. 2017. Issue 11. Pp. 106–109. (In Russ.).
19. Vlasenko N.A. Logiko-strukturnye defekty sistemy sovetskogo prava [Logical Structural Defects in the System of Soviet Law]. Pravovedenie –Pravovedenie. 1991. Issue 3. Pp. 21–26. (In Russ.).
20. Gabbasov R.A. Kachestvo zakona i voprosy regulirovaniya oborota nedvizhimosti [The Quality of the Law and the Regulation of Real Estate Turnover]. Byulleten' notarial'noj praktiki – Bulletin of Notary Practice. 2005. Issue 3. P. 32–35. (In Russ.).
21. Gadzhiev G.A. Princip pravovoj opredelennosti i rol' sudov v ego obespechenii. Kachestvo zakonov s rossijskoj tochki zreniya [Principle of Legal Certainty and its Provision by the Courts. Quality of Laws from Russian Viewpoint]. Sravnitel'noe konstitucionnoe obozrenie – Comparative Constitutional Review. 2012. Issue 4. Pp. 16–28. (In Russ.).
22. Gatilova A.S. Kachestvo zakonov kak ob"ekt prognozirovaniya [Quality of Laws as a Projectandum]. Yuridicheskaya nauka – Legal Science. 2012. Issue 4. P. 6. Pp. 4–7. (In Russ.).
23. Golovina S.Yu. Defekty Trudovogo kodeksa Rossii i sposoby ikh ustraneniya [Defects of the Labor Code of Russia and Ways to Eliminate Them]. Yurist – Jurist. 2008. Issue 4. Pp. 23–26. (In Russ.).
24. Grachev S. A. K voprosu o kachestve ugolovno-processual'nogo zakona, reglamentiruyushchego status nekotorykh uchastnikov sudoproizvodstva [On the Question of the Quality of the Criminal Procedure Code Regulating the Status of Several Participants of the Court Proceedings]. Yuridicheskaya nauka i praktika: Vestnik Nizhegorodskoj akademii MVD Rossii – Legal Science and Practice: Journal of Nizhny Novgorod Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. 2013. Issue 22. Pp. 243–244. (In Russ.).
25. Davydova M. L. Yavnye i neyavnye oshibki zakonodatelya: problemy klassifikacii i pravovye posledstviya [Explicit and Implicit Mistakes of Legislator: Problems of Classification and Legal Consequences]. Pravotvorcheskie oshibki: ponyatie, vidy, praktika i tekhnika ustraneniya v postsovetskikh gosudarstvakh: materialy mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. kruglogo stola (29–30 maya 2008 g.) [Law-Making Mistakes: Concept, Types, Practice and Technique of Elimination in Post-Soviet States: Proceedings of International Scientific-Practical Round Table (May 29–30, 2008)]. Moscow, 2009. Pp. 317–326. (In Russ.).
26. Denisov S. A. Nejtralizaciya norm material'nogo prava s pomoshch'yu norm processual'nogo prava [Neutralization of Rules of Substantive Law with the Help of Rules of Procedural Law]. Rossijskij yuridicheskij zhurnal – Russian Juridical Journal. 2003. Issue 2 (38). Pp. 72–75. (In Russ.).
27. Denisov S. A. Yuridicheskie konstrukcii, ispol'zuemye dlya nejtralizacii norm prava [Legal Constructions Used to Neutralize the Rules of Law]. Yuridicheskaya tekhnika – Juridical Techniques. 2013. Issue 7–2. Pp. 222–229. (In Russ.).
28. Dondokov Zh. D. K voprosu o kachestve zakonov v Rossijskoj Federacii [To the Question on the Quality of Laws in the Russian Federation]. Sovremennye problemy pravotvorchestva i pravoprimeneniya: mater. Vseross. nauch.-praktich. konf. [Current Issues of Law¬ma-king and Law Enforcement: Proceedings of All-Russian Scientific-Practical Conference]. Irkutsk, 2018. Pp. 19–23. (In Russ.).
29. Doncova K. B. Negativnye formy proyavleniya vzaimosvyazi material'nogo i processual'nogo prava [Negative Forms of Realization of Interaction between Substantive Law and Procedural Law]. Pravovaya kul'tura – The Legal Culture. 2018. Issue 2 (33). Pp. 112–119. (In Russ.).
30. Zhil'cov M. A. Defekty trudovogo prava i sposoby ikh preodoleniya: dis. ... d-ra yurid. nauk [Defects of Labor Law and Ways to Overcome Them: Dr. jurid. sci. diss.]. Ekaterinburg, 2011. P. 57. (In Russ.).
31. Zhinkin S. A. Nekotorye metodologicheskie aspekty issledovaniya effektivnosti norm prava [Some Methodological Aspects of Studying the Effectiveness of the Rules of Law]. Yuridicheskij mir – Legal World. 2007. Issue 4. P. 4. (In Russ.).
32. Zhinkin S. A. Psikhologicheskie problemy effektivnosti prava [Psychological Problems of Efficiency of Law]. St. Petersburg, 2009. 373 p. (In Russ.).
33. Zhinkin S. A. Effektivnost' prava: antropologicheskoe i cennostnoe izmerenie: avtoref. dis. ... d-ra yurid. nauk [Effectiveness of the Law: Anthropological and Axiological Dimension: Synopsis of Dr. jurid. sci. diss.]. Krasnodar, 2009. P. 10–12. (In Russ.).
34. Zajceva E. R., Panchenko V. Yu. Prichiny vozniknoveniya normativnykh yuridicheskikh prepyatstvij v realizacii konstitucionnykh prav i svobod lichnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii [Reasons of Origin of Normative Legal Obstacles to Realization of Human's Constitutional Rights and Freedoms in the Russian Federation]. Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i yuridicheskie nauki, kul'turologiya i iskusstvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktiki – Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art. Issues of Theory and Practice. 2014. Issue 12(50). Part 2. Pp. 80–82. (In Russ.).
35. Zajchikov Ya.V. Ponyatie i obshchaya kharakteristika yuridicheskikh prepyatstvij [Concept and General Characteristics of Legal Obstacles]. Vestnik Vladimirskogo yuridicheskogo instituta – Bulletin of Vladimir Law Institute. 2013. Issue 4 (29). Pp. 160–161. (In Russ.).
36. Zuev O.M. Yuridicheski defektnye normativnye pravovye akty v sisteme istochnikov prava: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk [Legally Defective Regulations in the System of Sources of Law: Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Moscow, 2011. 193 p. (In Russ.).
37. Ignatenko V.V. Pravovoe kachestvo zakonov ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh [Legal Quality of Laws on Administrative Offences]. Irkutsk, 1998. Pp. 20–21. (In Russ.).
38. Ignatenko V.V. Pravovoe kachestvo zakonov ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh: Teoreticheskie i prikladnye problemy: dis. ... d-ra yurid. nauk [Legal Quality of Laws on Administrative Offences: Theoretical and Applied Issues: Dr. jurid. sci. diss.]. Ekaterinburg, 1999. 343 p. (In Russ.).
39. Kazakov A. A. Disbalans v pravovom regulirovanii processual'nykh immunitetov v sfere ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva [Imbalance in Legal Regulation of Procedural Immunity in the Sphere of Criminal Proceedings]. Lex Russica – Lex Russica. 2016. Issue 4. Pp. 115–123. (In Russ.).
40. Kameneva E. N. Defektnye akty organov zakonodatel'noj i ispolnitel'noj vlasti: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk [Defective Acts of Legislative and Executive Authorities: Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Moscow, 2002. 199 p. (In Russ.).
41. Kartukhin V.Yu. Tekhniko-yuridicheskoe kachestvo zakonov sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk [Technical and Legal Quality of Laws of the Subjects of the Russian Federation: Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Moscow, 2005. 169 p. (In Russ.).
42. Kislichenko E. I. Defekty zakonodatel'stva sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii v sfere mestnogo samoupravleniya: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk [Defects of the Legislation of the Subjects of the Russian Federation in the Field of Local Self-Government: Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Kazan, 2012. 253 p. (In Russ.).
43. Klejn N. I. Vliyanie kachestva zakonov na ikh ispolnenie: problemy i perspektivy ikh razresheniya (interv'yu) [The Impact of the Quality of Laws on Their Implementation: Problems and Prospects of Their Resolution (Interview)]. Administrativnoe pravo – Administrative Law. 2011. Issue 4. Pp. 7–11. (In Russ.).
44. Kozhokar' I. P. K voprosu o ponyatii i kharakternykh osobennostyakh defektov mekhanizma grazhdansko-pravovogo regulirovaniya veshchnykh otnoshenij [On the Concept and Characteristic Features of Defects in the Mechanism of Civil Regulation of Proprietary Relations]. Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Yuridicheskie nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences. 2016. Issue 3. Pp. 298–303. (In Russ.).
45. Kozlov V. A. Voprosy teorii effektivnosti pravovoj normy: avtoref. dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk [Issues of the Theory of the Effectiveness of Legal Norm: Synopsis of Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Leningrad, 1972. P. 9. (In Russ.).
46. Korchagin A. G. Pravovaya politika: probely i defekty, kollizii [Legal Policy: Gaps and Defects, Conflicts]. Nauchnye trudy SWorld – Scientific Papers SWorld. 2011. Vol. 27. Issue 4. Pp. 22–28. (In Russ.).
47. Kudryavcev Yu. V. Normy prava kak social'naya informaciya [The Rules of Law as a Social Information]. Moscow, 1981. 144 p. (In Russ.).
48. Kutafin O. E. Probely, analogiya i defekty v konstitucionnom prave [Gaps, Analogy and Defects in Constitutional Law]. Lex Russica – Lex Russica. 2007. Vol. LXVI. Issue 4. Pp. 610–622. (In Russ.).
49. Mal'ko A. V. Stimuly i ogranicheniya kak sredstva pravovogo vozdejstviya [Incentives and Restrictions as Means of Legal Influence]. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava: kurs lekcij / pod red. N. I.Matuzova, A. V.Mal'ko [Theory of State and Law: Lectures; ed. by. N. I. Matuzov, A.V. Mal'ko]. Moscow, 2017. 640 p. (In Russ.).
50. Matejkovich M. S. Defekty konstitucionno-pravovogo regulirovaniya v Rossijskoj Federacii [Defects of Constitutional Law Regulation in the Russian Federation]. Gosudarstvo i pravo – State and Law. 2007. Issue 12. Pp. 15–21. (In Russ.).
51. Murugina V. V. Defektnost' yuridicheskikh faktov kak negativnaya cherta pravovoj sistemy: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk [Defectiveness of Legal Facts as a Negative Feature of the Legal System: Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Saratov, 2010. (In Russ.).
52. Mushinskij M. A. Problemy diagnostiki pravotvorcheskikh defektov [Problems of Diagnostics of Law-Making Defects]. Irkutsk, 2009. 115 p. (In Russ.).
53. Mushinskij M. A. Problemy diagnostiki pravotvorcheskikh defektov: nauchn.-praktich. posobie [Problems of Diagnostics of Law-Making Defects: Theoretical-Practical Guide]. Irkutsk, 2009. Pp. 5–13. (In Russ.).
54. Naryshkin S. E., Khabrieva T. Ya. Administrativnaya reforma v Rossii: nekotorye itogi i zadachi yuridicheskoj nauki [Administrative Reform in Russia: Some Results and Tasks of Jurisprudence]. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava – Journal of Russian Law. 2006. Issue 11. P. 9. (In Russ.).
55. Nikitinskij V. I. Effektivnost' norm trudovogo prava [The Effectiveness of Rules of Labor Law]. Moscow, 1971. P. 26. 248 p. (In Russ.).
56. Novoselova L. A., Grin' O. S. Effektivnost' pravo¬voj okhrany ob"ektov intellektual'nykh prav: administrativnye bar'ery [Efficiency of Legal Protection for Intellectual Property Rights: Administrative Barriers]. Pravo. Zhur¬nal Vysshej shkoly ekonomiki – Law. Journal of the Higher School of Economics. 2018. Issue 2. Pp. 4–12. (In Russ.).
57. Nurkaeva T. N. O kachestve ugolovnogo zakona na primere razdela VII UK RF, predusmatrivayushchego otvetstvennost' za prestupleniya protiv lichnosti [On the Quality of the Criminal Law on the Example of Section VII of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation Providing for Responsibility for Crimes against the Person]. Vestnik VEGU – Vestnik VEGU. 2017. Issue 6 (92). Pp. 59–67. (In Russ.).
58. Panchenko V. Yu. O ponyatii yuridicheskikh prepyatstvij v realizacii i zashchite prav i zakonnykh interesov [On the Concept of Legal Obstacles to Exercise and Protection of Rights and Legitimate Interests]. Akademicheskij yuridicheskij zhurnal – Academic Law Journal. 2013. Issue 3 (53). Pp. 10–18. (In Russ.).
59. Panchenko V. Yu. Yuridicheskie prepyatstviya v realizacii prav i zakonnykh interesov: problemy teorii i praktiki [Legal Obstacles to the Realization of Rights and Legitimate Interests: Issues of Theory and Practice]. Moscow, 2015. 736 p. (In Russ.).
60. Polenina S. V. Kachestvo zakona i effektivnost' zakonodatel'stva [The Quality of the Law and the Effectiveness of Legislation]. Moscow, 1993. 56 p. (In Russ.).
61. Primak T. K. Sovershenstvovanie zakonodatel'stva kak sredstvo obespecheniya zakonnosti: po materialam deyatel'nosti organov vnutrennikh del: dis. kand. ... yurid nauk [Improvement of Legislation as a Mean of Ensuring the Rule of Law: on the Bases of the Internal Affairs Bodies Activities: Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Moscow, 1998. P. 149. 162 p. (In Russ.).
62. Problemy teorii gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik / pod red. V. M. Syrykh [Issues of the Theory of State and Law: Textbook; ed. by V. M. Syrykh]. Moscow, 2008. 528 p. (In Russ.).
63. Punchenko S. I. Social'naya effektivnost' prava v sovremennoj Rossii (teoreticheskij aspekt): avtoref. dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk [Social Efficiency of Law in Modern Russia (Theoretical Aspect): Synopsis of Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Krasnodar, 2016. 27 p. (In Russ.).
64. Romashov R. A. Disbalans nakazaniya i pooshchreniya v sovremennom rossijskom ugolovno-ispolnitel'nom zakonodatel'stve [The Imbalance of Punishment and Promotion in the Contemporary Russian Penitentiary Legislation]. Vestnik Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj yuridicheskoj akademii – Saratov State Law Academy Bulletin. 2016. Issue 1 (108). Pp. 11–19. (In Russ.).
65. Romashov R. A. Disbalans prava [The Imbalance of Law]. Vestnik Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj yuridicheskoj akademii – Saratov State Law Academy Bulletin. 2015. Issue 5 (106). Pp. 91–95. (In Russ.).
66. Romashov R. A. Disbalans pravovoj normativnosti i pravovoj real'nosti [The Imbalance of Law Normativity and Law Reality]. Vestnik Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj yuridicheskoj akademii – Saratov State Law Academy Bulletin. 2015. Issue 6 (107). Pp. 17–23. (In Russ.).
67. Sackova A. A. Probely i defekty v pravovom regulirovanii: konstitucionnoe izmerenie [Gaps and Defects in Legal Regulation: Constitutional Dimension]. Konstituciya Rossijskoj Federacii: 20 let spustya (materialy Mezhdu¬narodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii) [Constitution of the Russian Federation: 20 Years Later (Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference)]. Saratov, 2014. P. 66. (In Russ.).
68. Senyakin I.N. Disbalans yuridicheskoj otvetstvennosti v zakonodatel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii [The Imbalance of Legal Liability in the Legislation of the Russian Federation]. Vestnik Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj yuridicheskoj akademii – Saratov State Law Academy Bulletin. 2015. Issue 4 (105). Pp. 127–138. (In Russ.).
69. Sergeev A.P., Tereshchenko T.A. Defekt podpisaniya sdelki [The Defect of Signing a Deal]. Arbitrazhnye spory – Arbitration Disputes. 2016. Issues 2. Pp. 145–151. (In Russ.).
70. Sizova V.N. Problemy opredeleniya kategorii "zakonodatel'stvo" v razlichnykh otraslyakh prava [Problems of Definition of the Category "Legislation" in Various Branches of Law]. Vestnik Nizhegorodskoj pravovoj akademii – Herald of the Nizhny Novgorod Academy of Law. 2014. Issue 3 (3). Pp. 10–13. (In Russ.).
71. Sokolova M. A. Vyyavlenie i ustranenie defektov normativnykh pravovykh aktov v mekhanizme pravotvorchestva: avtoref. dis. ... kand. yurid [Identification and Elimination of Defects of Normative Legal Acts in the Mechanism of Law-Making: Synopsis of Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Moscow, 2018. 27 p. (In Russ.).
72. Sokolova M. A. Defekty yuridicheskikh dokumentov [Defects in Legal Documents: Monograph]. Moscow, 2016. 160 p. (In Russ.).
73. Suslova N. V. Defekty v rossijskom prave: postanovka problemy, nauchnye podkhody, ponyatie [Defects in the Russian Law: Problem Statement, Scientific Approaches, Concept]. Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve – Gaps in Russian Legislation. 2012. Issue 2. Pp. 36–39. (In Russ.).
74. Syrykh E. V. Obshchie kriterii kachestva zakona: dis... kand. yurid. nauk [General Quality Criteria of Law: Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Moscow, 2001. P. 10. (In Russ.).
75. Talyanin V. V. Kachestvo zakona kak faktor povysheniya «social'noj prestizhnosti» pravovoj zakonnosti [The Quality of Law as a Factor of Increasing the "Social Prestige" of Jural Legality]. Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo. Seriya: Pravo –Vestnik of Lobachevsky University of Nizhni Novgorod. Series: Law. 2001. Issue 1. Pp. 209–212. (In Russ.).
76. Luk'yanova V. Yu., Savina M. A. Effektivno li dejstvuet zakon (obzor vyezdnogo zasedaniya uchenogo soveta Instituta zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedeniya pri pravitel'stve RF) [Whether Law is Effective (Review of the Visiting Session of the Academic Council of the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation)]. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava – Journal of Russian Law. 2018. Issue 5. P. 168. (In Russ.).
77. Tikhomirov Yu. A. Yuridicheskoe proektirovanie: kriterii i oshibki (vystuplenie na konferencii) [Legal Designing: Criteria and Errors (Speech at the Conference)]. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava – Journal of Russian Law. 2008. Issue 2. Pp. 3–9. (In Russ.).
78. Tikhomirov Yu.A. Yuridicheskoe proektirovanie: kriterii i oshibki [Legal Design: Criteria and Mistakes]. Nauchno-prakticheskie konferencii i kruglye stoly Instituta zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedeniya pri pravitel'stve RF (2004–2008) [Scientific and Practical Conferences and Round Tables of the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation (2004–2008)]. Moscow, 2009. Pp. 455–458. (In Russ.).
79. Tikhomirov Yu.A., Pigolkin A.S., Rakhmanina T.N. Kak gotovit' zakony [How to Make Laws]. Moscow, 1993. P. 9. (In Russ.).
80. Tikhonova S.S. O kachestve sovremennogo ugolovnogo zakona: yuridiko-tekhnicheskij aspekt novellizacii UK RF [On the Quality of Modern Criminal Law: Legal and Technical Aspect in the Novelization of the Criminal Co¬de of the Russian Federation]. Yuridiches¬kaya nauka i praktika: Vestnik Nizhegorod¬skoj akademii MVD Rossii – Legal Science and Practice: Journal of Nizhny Novgorod Aca¬demy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. 2013. Issue 22. Pp. 171–174. (In Russ.).
81. Tolstik V. A., Minnebaev R. Kh. Klassifikaciya defektov fakticheskikh sostavov [Classification of Flaws in Sets of Facts]. Yuridicheskaya nauka i praktika: Vestnik Nizhegorodskoj akademii MVD Rossii – Legal Science and Practice: Journal of Nizhny Novgorod Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. 2012. Issue 17. Pp. 59–65. (In Russ.).
82. Uskov O. Yu. Kachestvo zakona obratno proporcional'no skorosti ego prinyatiya [The Quality of a Law is Inversely Proportional to the Velocity of Its Applying]. Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika – Laws of Russia: Experience, Analysis, Practice. 2007. Issue 5. Pp. 88–97. (In Russ.).
83. Khabrieva T. Ya. Ekonomiko-pravovoj analiz: metodologicheskij podkhod [Economic-Legal Analysis: Methodological Approach]. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava – Journal of Russian Law. 2010. Issue 12. Pp. 5–26. (In Russ.).
84. Khajretdinova M. D. Tipichnye defekty definicij sovremennogo rossijskogo zakonodatel'stva i osnovnye puti ikh preodoleniya [Typical Defects of Definitions in Modern Russian Legislation and the Main Ways to Overcome Them]. "Yurist-Pravoved" – Jurist-Pravoved. 2008. Issue 1. P. 8. (In Russ.).
85. Khvalev S.A. Pravovoe kachestvo konstitucij (ustavov) sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk [Legal Quality of Constitutions (Statutes) of the Subjects of the Russian Federation: Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Irkutsk, 2011. 226 p. (In Russ.).
86. Khludeneva N.I. Defekty v ekologicheskom prave: ponyatie i vidy [Defects in Environmental Law: Notion and Types]. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava – Journal of Russian Law. 2014. Issue 11. Pp. 85–95. (In Russ.).
87. Khludeneva N. I. Defekty pravovogo regulirovaniya okhrany okruzhayushchej sredy: monografiya [Defects in the Legal Regulation of Environmental Protection: Monograph]. Moscow, 2014. 172 p. (In Russ.).
88. Khudojkina T. V., Luk'yanov A. A. Kachestvo zakona: korrupciogennye factory [Law Quality: Corruptogenic Factors]. Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i yuridicheskie nauki, kul'turologiya i iskusstvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktiki – Historical, Philosophical, Po¬litical and Law Sciences, Culturology and Stu¬dy of Art. Issues of Theory and Practice. 2013. Issue 4 (30). Part 2. Pp. 193–196. (In Russ.).
89. Cybulyak S. I. Defekty konstitucionno-pravovogo regulirovaniya izbiratel'nykh otnoshenij v Rossijskoj Federacii: avtoref. diss. ... kand. yurid. nauk [Defects in the Constitutional and Legal Regulation of Electoral Relations in the Russian Federation: Synopsis of Cand. jurid. sci. diss.]. Tyumen, 2010. Pp. 8–9. (In Russ.).
90. Shugurov M.V. Balans i disbalans kak kategorii pravovoj real'nosti: sistemno-siner¬ge¬ticheskij podkhod [Balance and Imbalance as Categories of Legal Reality: Systematic and Synergetic Approach]. Rossijskij zhurnal pravovykh issledovanij – Russian Journal of Legal Studies. 2016. Issue 1 (6). Pp. 87–98. (In Russ.).
91. Effektivnost' dejstviya pravovykh norm / pod red. A.S. Pashkova, E.A. Fomina, L.S. Yavicha [The Effectiveness of Legal Norms; ed. by A.S. Pashkov, E.A. Fomin, L.S. Yavich]. Leningrad, 1977. 143 p. (In Russ.).
92. Effektivnost' pravovykh norm / Kudryavсev V. N., Nikitinskij V. I., Samoschenko I. S., Glazyrin V. V. [The Effectiveness of Legal Norms; V. N. Kudryavtsev, V. I. Nikitinskiy, I. S. Samoschenko, V. V. Glazyrin]. Moscow, 1980. 280 p. (In Russ.).
93. Badescu M. Legislative Inflation – an Important Cause of the Dysfunctions Existing in Contemporary Public Administration. Juridical Tribune-Tribuna Juridica. 2018. Vol. 8. Issue 2. Pp. 357–369. (In Eng.).
94. Borghett E. Delegated Decree Authority in a Parliamentary System: the Exercise of Legislative Delegation in Italy (1987–2013). Journal of Legislative Studies. 2018. Vol. 24. Issue 2. Pp. 179–196. (In Eng.).
95. Butterworth M. The ICO and Artificial Intelligence: The Role of Fairness in the GDPR Framework. Computer Law & Security Review. 2018. Vol. 34. Issue 2. Pp. 257–268. (In Eng.).
96. Campos M. More Rules, Less Security: the Problem of Legal Security. Аny Reform Process Vox Juris. 2018. Vol. 35. Issue 1. Pp. 117–125. (In Eng.).
97. Rubin Edward L. Statutory Design as Policy Analysis. Harvard Journal on Legislation. 2018. Vol. 55. Issue 1. Pp. 143–183. (In Eng.).
98. Sanjaume N. M. Linguistic Advice in the Drafting of Laws: a Guarantee of Quality. Revista de Llengua i Dret. Journal of Language and Law. 2017. Issue 68. Pp. 175–185.
99. Stack K. M. Overcoming Dicey in Administrative Law. University of Toronto Law Journal. 2018. Vol. 68. Issue 2. Pp. 293–311. (In Eng.).
100. Yang W. Problems and Adjustments of Renewable Energy Legislation in China. Journal of East Asia and International Law. 2017. Vol. 10. Issue 2. Pp. 339–355. (In Eng.).
Received: 01.04.2018
Financing: ---

 


     

      

 
The Perm State University
614990, Perm, street Bukireva, 15
+7 (342) 2 396 275, +7 963 012 6422
vesturn@yandex.ru
ISSN 1995-4190 ISSN (eng.) 2618-8104
ISSN (online) 2658-7106
DOI 10.17072/1995-4190
(с) Editorial board, 2010
The magazine is registered in Federal Agency of supervision in sphere of communication and mass communications.
The certificate on registration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-33087 from September, 5th, 2008
The certificate on reregistration of mass media ПИ № ФС77-53189 from Marth, 14th, 2013

The magazine is included in List ВАК and in the Russian index of scientific citing

The founder & Publisher: the State educational institution of the higher training
“The Perm State University”.
Publishing 4 times a year